# Valuation

## Cash Return

Unit: Percentage

Cash Return tells you how much Free Cash Flow a company generates as a percentage of how much it would cost an investor to buy out the entire business. It is calculated over a trailing twelve month period as the sum of Free Cash Flow and Interest Expense divided by Enterprise Value.

## Dividend Yield

Unit: Percentage

The percentage of price per share a company pays out to its shareholders as dividends annually, calculated by dividing the forecasted 12 month dividend payout by the current price.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## TTM Yield

Unit: Percentage

The percentage of price per share a company pays out to its shareholders as dividends annually, calculated by dividing the past 12 month dividend payouts by the current price.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## EV / EBITDA

Unit: Ratio

EV/EBITDA compares the value of a business, free of debt, to earnings before interest. It is calculated as Enterprise Value dividing EBITDA and is useful for comparing valuations regardless of capital structure. Lower EV/EBITDA values indicate less expensive valuation.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## EV / EBIT (Premium)

Unit: Ratio

EV/EBIT compares the value of a business, free of debt, to earnings before interest. It is calculated as Enterprise Value dividing EBIT and is useful for comparing valuations regardless of capital structure. Lower EV/EBIT values indicate less expensive valuation.

## EV / FCF (Premium)

Unit: Ratio

Enterprise Value to Free Cash Flow compares the total valuation of the company with its ability to generate cashflow. Lower values mean the company is better positioned to reinvest in its business.

## EV / Sales (Premium)

Unit: Ratio

EV/Sales shows how much it would cost to buy the company’s revenue stream. This is an improvement over the Price / Sales ratio in that it takes cash and debt into account. Lower values are better.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## PEG Forward

Unit: Ratio

Price/Earnings to Growth Forward Ratio, or PEG Forward, attempts to improve upon Price/Earnings comparisons by accounting for earnings growth. It is calculated by dividing the forward Price/Earnings Ratio by the estimated Earnings Per Share (EPS) growth for the next 5 years. The lower the PEG value, the cheaper the valuation; values of 1 suggests perfect pricing. If the expected growth or forward Price/Earnings value is negative, then no PEG ratio is calculated.

## PEG Trailing

Unit: Ratio

Price/Earnings to Growth Trailing Ratio, or PEG Trailing, attempts to improve upon Price/Earnings comparisons by accounting for earnings growth. It is calculated by dividing the current Price/Earnings Ratio by the average Earnings Per Share (EPS) growth rate over the past 5 years. The lower the PEG value, the cheaper the valuation; values of 1 suggests perfect pricing. If the historical growth or current Price/Earnings value is negative then no PEG ratio is calculated.

## Price / Book

Unit: Ratio

Compares a stock’s market value to the value of total assets less total liabilities (book value). This is also known as P/B or PB. A low P/B ratio could mean that the stock is undervalued. However, it could also mean that something is fundamentally wrong with the company.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Price / Cash Flow

Unit: Ratio

Price to Cash Flow Ratio or PCF is an alternative to Price / Earnings. The argument for using cash flow over earnings is that the former is not easily manipulated, while earnings are affected by depreciation and other non-cash factors.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Price / Earnings

Unit: Ratio

A valuation ratio of a company’s current share price compared to its per-share earnings over the past 12 months. This is also known as a stock’s multiple, P/E or PE ratio. In general, a high P/E suggests that investors are expecting higher earnings growth in the future compared to companies with a lower P/E.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Price / Earnings Adjusted

Unit: Ratio

The Price/Earnings ratio adjusted for the net cash (or debt) on the balance sheet, as if all cash were used to buyback stock and all debt were paid by issuing stock.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Price / Free Cash Flow

Unit: Ratio

Price to Free Cash Flow is a valuation metric that compares a company’s market price to its level of annual free cash flow. This is similar to the valuation measure of price-to-cash flow but uses the stricter measure of free cash flow, which reduces operating cash flow by capital expenditures. This is done as companies need to maintain or expand their asset bases (capital expenditure) to either continue growing or maintain the current levels of free cash flow.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Price / Sales

Unit: Ratio

Price to Sales is calculated by dividing a stock’s current price by its revenue per share for the trailing 12 months. This is also known as P/S or PS. It doesn’t take any expenses or debt into account but is particularly useful for comparing stocks with negative earnings.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Price / Tangible Book

Unit: Ratio

Compares a stock’s market value to the value of total assets less total liabilities and intangibles. A low ratio could mean that the stock is undervalued. However, it could also mean that something is fundamentally wrong with the company.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Buyback Yield (Premium)

Unit: Percentage

The net value of share buybacks over the past twelve months as a percent of the current market capitalization. A negative value indicates the company issues more stock than it purchases.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Forward P/E

Unit: Ratio

The Forward Price to Earnings ratio divides the current price by the estimated EPS for the next fiscal year. Since some companies end their fiscal years in different months the Forward P/E ratio may assume a different timespan for different companies.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Piotroski F Score (Premium)

Unit: Number

The Piotroski score determines the financial strength of a company based on 9 criteria. Companies with a score of 8 or 9 are considered strong and a score between 0 and 2 indicates a weak company.

## Shareholder Yield (Premium)

Unit: Percentage

Shareholder yield is the total of share buybacks and dividend payments to common shareholders over the past twelve months as a percent of the current market capitalization. A negative value indicates the company is profiting more from issuing new stock than it is spending on buybacks and dividends.

This metric is updated live when markets are open.

## Greenblatt Earnings Yield (Premium)

Unit: Ratio

This variation of earnings yield compares Operating Income (a.k.a EBIT) to Enterprise Value. It is used by Joel Greenblat in his bestselling book The Little Book That Beats the Market

## Chowder Rule 3‑Year Percent (Premium)

Unit: Name

Calculated as the sum of dividend yield and the 3 year compound annual dividend growth rate this metric was popularized on Seeking Alpha by user Chowder to find good investments. In its simplest form values over 12% are desired.

## Chowder Rule 1‑Year Percent (Premium)

Unit: Name

Calculated as the sum of dividend yield and the 1 year compound annual dividend growth rate this metric was popularized on Seeking Alpha by user Chowder to find good investments. In its simplest form values over 12% are desired.

## Chowder Rule 5‑Year Percent (Premium)

Unit: Name

Calculated as the sum of dividend yield and the 5 year compound annual dividend growth rate this metric was popularized on Seeking Alpha by user Chowder to find good investments. In its simplest form values over 12% are desired.